Continual advances in medicine and technology necessitate constant re-evaluation of the Mechanical and Electrical Systems needs for hospitals and institutional facilities. Research evidence shows that, proper HVAC is helpful in preventing and treating many conditions, and ventilation requirements exist to protect against harmful occupational exposures.
Relatively high costs of Mechanical and Electrical Systems demand efficient design and operation to ensure economical energy management.
Retail & Food Service
The Mechanical and Electrical system selection and design for retail and food facilities are normally determined by economics. First cost is usually the determining factor for small stores or restaurants. For large facilities, owning, operation and maintenance costs are also considered. Decisions about mechanical and electrical system for retail and food facilities are typically based on a cash flow analysis rather than a full life cycle analysis.
Office Building & High Rise
Office buildings are considered the most complex and competitive segments of real estate development. Office buildings can be single tenant or multi-tenant. A single tenant building can be owned by the tenant or leased by the landlord. From a mechanical and electrical system standpoint, a single tenant/owner is more cautious considering issues such as life cycle cost and energy conservation. In many cases, the systems are not selected based on the lowest first cost but on a life-cycle cost. Sometimes the Mechanical and Electrical Systems are selected in order to allow individual tenants to pay directly for the energy they consume.
Energy conservation codes and standards must be considered because they have a major impact on design and performance. High energy costs and consequent environmental damage requires that these types of facilities be energy efficient and sustainable. Occupants need insurance that they can afford the fuel bills and that their lifestyle is not damaging the planet.
School buildings in general host many activities that require special mechanical and electrical system design considerations. Due to the high occupant density load, the need for air handing systems with high percentage of outdoor air (above 30%) can be found in several areas in educational facilities, in order to prevent indoor air quality problems and conserve energy. Among other special requirements such as: lighting, power, and demand control ventilation, classrooms require humidity control to provide comfort and prevent humidity related issues, in fact low humidity, favors longevity of infectious viruses, and therefore their transmission between occupants.
Miscellaneous Projects – Natatoriums
Safety, comfort and fun for children and parents are the main goals however preventing recreational water illness is a multifaceted issue that requires participation from aquatics facility designers and engineers, as well as pool staff, swimmers and health departments. In pool design is important to start with the most current technology and design features. Designers alone cannot completely prevent these complex problems however they play a key role in assuring safety in place on opening day, and a “Healthy Swimming Facility”.
LEED certification provides independent verification of a building or neighborhood’s green features, allowing for the design, construction, operations and maintenance of resource-efficient, high-performing, healthy, cost-effective buildings. LEED is the triple bottom line in action, benefiting people, planet and profit.
LEED certification means healthier, more productive places, reduced stress on the environment by encouraging energy and resource-efficient buildings, and savings from increased building value, higher lease rates and decreased utility costs.
LEED green associate demonstrates a solid and current foundation in green building principles and practices.
Commissioning (Cx) is a quality assurance process for buildings from predesign through design, construction, and operations. The commissioning process involves achieving, verifying, and documenting the performance of each system to meet the building’s operational needs. Proper commissioning ensures that fully functional systems can be operated and maintained properly throughout the life of the building.
Commissioning activities should be implemented by a qualified commissioning professional or commissioning authority (CA), identified by the building owner who leads, plans, schedules, and coordinates the commissioning team to implement the commissioning process.